Aerofax: Lockheed Martin F/A-22 Raptor, by Jay Miller, Midland Publishing 2005, ISBN 1-85780158X
  Advanced Tactical Fighter to F-22 Raptor: Origins of the 21st Century Air Dominance Fighter, by David C. Aronstein, Michael J. Hirschberg, & Albert C. Piccirillo, AIAA 1998
  America's Stealth Fighters and Bombers: B-2, F-117, YF-22 and YF-23, by James C Goodall, Motorbooks International 1992, ISBN 0-87938-609-6
F-22 Raptor, by Steve Pace, McGraw-Hill 1999, ISBN 0-07-134271-0
IPMS Color Cross-Reference Guide, by David Klaus, Klausguide No 1, 1993, ISBN 0-9629146-0-6
One of a Kind Research Aircraft: A History of Inflight Simulators, Testbeds, and Prototypes, by Steve Markman, PA Schiffer Publishing 1995, ISBN 0-88740-7978
  The ATF Contenders: YF-22 & YF-23, Air Superiority into the 21st Century, by Andy Sun, Concord Publications 1991, ISBN 962-361-020-3
  The Complete Book of Fighters, by William Green & Gordon Swanborough, Salamander 1997, ISBN 0-86101-643-2, p461
  USAF Prototype Jet Fighters Photo Scrapbook, by Tony R Landis & Dennis R Jenkins, Specialty Press 2009, ISBN 978-1-58007-137-6
  X-Fighters: Experimental and Prototype USAF Jet Fighters, XP-59 to YF-23, by Steve Pace, Motorbooks International 1991, ISBN 0-87938-5405
  YF-22 and YF-23 Advanced Tactical Fighters: Stealth, Speed and Agility for Air Superiority, by Bill Sweetman, Motorbooks International 1991, ISBN 0-87938-5057
  Web of Secrecy: YF-23 Black Widow II, by West Coast Image Productions, 30 March 2005
  YF-23 Black Widow II Declassified, by West Coast Image Productions, ICE Dist, Japanese version
  Aerospace Projects Review, Volume 3, Number 2, by Scott Lowther
Aircraft and Aerospace August 1990, 'YF-23 Debut'
Air International, February 1991, Vol 40 No 2, p65-70, 'ATF: The USAF's Future Fighter Programme', by Roy Braybrook
Air International, December 1994, Vol 47 No 6, p334-341, 'From ATF to Lightning II: A Bolt in Anger. Part 1: Design Options and the YF-23A', by David Baker
Air International, January 1995, 'From ATF to Lightning II: A Bolt in Anger. Part 2: Lockheed's YF-22A', by David Baker
Airpower, March 1991 Vol 21 No 2, p20-43, '21st Century Fly Off, ATF Showdown'
Australian Aviation, May 1991, 'YF-23', by Carlo Kopp
Aviation Week and Space Technology, 2 July 1990, p16-21, 'YF-23A Previews Design Features of Future Fighters'
Aviation Week and Space Technology, 9 July 1990, p54-55, 'Photos Show Key Features of YF-23A ATF'
Aviation Week and Space Technology, 16 July 1990, p22-23, 'Northrop ATF Prototype Performs First Taxi Test'
Aviation Week and Space Technology, 3 September 1990, p40-41, 'Northrop YF-23A ATF Prototype Completes First Two Test Flights'
  Aviation Week and Space Technology, 17 September 1990, p44-50, 'ATF Prototypes Outstrip F-15 in Size and Thrust'
Aviation Week and Space Technology, 24 September 1990, p25, 'YF-23A Conducts Air Refueling Test, Reaches Supersonic Speed on Following Mission'
Aviation Week and Space Technology, 22 October 1990, p114-115, 'YF-23 Prototype Underges Flutter Tests, May Finish Flight Evaluations Next Month' and 'YF-23's VMS Integrates Most Aircraft Systems For Improved Flight Controls Operation'
Aviation Week and Space Technology, 3 December 1990, p29, 'Lockheed ATF Team Fires First Missile; Demonstrates Pitch Axis Thrust Vectoring'
Aviation Week and Space Technology, 17 December 1990, p47-49, 'YF-23 Team Sees Saving in Switching From Distributed to Integrated Processor'
Aviation Week and Space Technology, 29 April 1991, 20-21, 'Risk, Cost Sway Airframe, Engine Choices for ATF'
Aviation Week and Space Technology, 'ATF Prototypes Burn One-Third Less Fuel in Supercruise', and 'First YF-23 Completes Dem/Val, Demonstrates 'Surge' Capability'
Flight International, 21-27 November 1990, p26-29, 'Advancing The ATF'
Flight International, 12-18 December 1990, p25, 'USAF Stamps "Secret" on YF-23 Speed'
Flight International, 16-22 Jan 1991, 'Transpiration Lamilloy, Allison'
Flight International, 1-7 May 1991, p6
Flight International, 5-11 June 1991, p16, 'NASA could rescue redundant YF-23s'
Interavia Aerospace Review, June 1991, 57-61, 'YF-22 Faces Budget Battle'
Koku Fan, September 1990, p66-74
Popular Science, April 1991, p62-67, 'Fast, Agile, Stealthy Supercruisers'
World Air Power Journal, Vol 6, Summer 1991, 'Lockheed F-22: Stealth with Agility', by Bill Sweetman
  World Air Power Journal, Vol 7, Autumn/Winter 1991, p32-41, 'Northrop/McDonnell Douglas YF-23: The Fighter They Didn't Want', by Bill Sweetman
  World Air Power Journal, Vol 38, Autumn/Fall 1999, pp 54-87, 'Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor', by Bill Sweetman
AIAA 86-2651 Oct 1986, 'The Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics to Aircraft Design', by Richard J. Busch Jr, Merle Jager, & Brad Berman
AIAA 91-1627 June 1991, 'Computational Fluid Dynamics in the Design of the Northrop/McDonnell Douglas YF-23 ATF Prototype', by Richard J Busch Jr
AIAA 92-1039 3-6 February 1992, 'Flight Test of the YF-23A Advanced Tactical Fighter', by Paul Metz, Aerospace Design Conference, Irvine CA
AIAA 92-1076 3-6 February 1992, 'The ATF YF-23 Vehicle Management System', by Tom Hayre & Fred Meyn, Aerospace Design Conference, Irvine CA
AIAA 92-4188 August 1992, 'Evolution of the F-22 Advanced Tactical Fighter', by Sherman A Mullin, 1992 Wright Brothers Lecture
AIAA 93-1162 February 1993, 'YF-23 Leading Edge Flap and Weapons Bay Door Hydromechanical Drive Systems', by WC Saino & BA Krandel
AIAA 21 March 2000, 'Why Would Anyone Not Pick the YF-23?' AIAA Atlanta Presentation by Mr Tom Wetherall, Crowne Plaza Hotel
AIAA 'What's Up' Vol 25 No 6 May 2000, Tom Wetherall P-3 Program Mgr Lockheed, AIAA Presentation
NASA Dryden Flight Research Center FS-1994-11-032-DFRC Nov 1994
NBF 90-59 Northrop ATF Brochure
  NBF 91-1 F-23 Advanced Tactical Fighter and Navy Advanced Tactical Fighter, Northrop EMD Proposal, January 1991
Northrop Drawing DP231-3741-GA, F-23A FSD P&W F119 engined version
  NTM 1F-23(Y)A-1 Utility Flight Manual, Northrop Corporation, Aircraft Division, June 1990

Last updated April 2014.

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